Legal Mechanisms in Cambodia

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In the following tabIn the following table you will find a collection of the legislative actions Cambodia has taken or not taken against crimes related to Online Child Sexual Exploitation, as allocated by The World Bank and the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children. e you will find a collection of the legislative actions Cambodia has taken or not taken against crimes related to Online Child Sexual Exploitation, as allocated by The World Bank and the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children.

Legislations in Cambodia related to OCSE V-Yes/X-No
Has legislation specific to child pornography V
Has a clear definition of child pornographyV
Considers everyone under 18 years as a potential victim of activities related to child pornography V
Criminalises accessing or downloading child pornographyX
Criminalises possession of child pornographyV (possession is criminalised only with the intent to distribute)
Criminalises virtual images of sexually exploitative representation of children X
Addresses the criminal liability of children involved in child pornographyX (both child victims and offenders)
Establishes criminal liability of legal persons for production or commercialisation of child pornography V
Recognises extraterritorial jurisdiction over child pornography offences when the alleged offender is a national of the state V
Recognises extraterritorial jurisdiction over child pornography offences when the victim is a national of the state V
Establishes confiscation of assets used to commit or facilitate child pornography offencesV

As you can see in the table above, despite current laws which address the situation of online child sexual exploitation in Cambodia, there are still clear gaps in legislation which interfere with Cambodia’s response to OCSE. The Cambodian Action Plan to Prevent and Respond to Violence Against Children (2017-2021), recognises these gaps and calls for action in order to strengthen response efforts in the country.

The main recommendations are to make amendments in cybercrime law to ensure full protection from OCSE, including sexual extortion, sexting, live streaming, and online grooming. It also calls for local law enforcement to be given the authority to investigate, confiscate equipment, and block content of any online platform contributing to, promoting or facilitating OCSE   Action should be towards eliminating the gaps in legislation, increasing the capacity of law enforcement, community awareness and engaging the private industry for the response to the issue of OCSE. 

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