Session 2.4: Common forms of OCSE

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There are different forms and methods of exploitation children are exposed to online. While some cases of OCSE can involve physical contact between the perpetrator and the child, many cases of OCSE remain online and do not involve the child meeting the offender.  

 Let’s take a look at the most common forms of OCSE so we can better understand how to prevent it from happening. 

Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM):   

The production, possession and distribution of material depicting children naked and focusing on their genitalia, or material which depicts them in pornographic positions or situations. This can include sexual photos, videos, texts and sound recordings. 

Sexual exploitation of children through live streaming: 

 The offender arranges a live streaming act where a child performs in front of a camera for the offender, either naked or in sexual situations. Sometimes the child sex offender will pay the child or an intermediary for the arrangement.  


Sexting is the act of sending or receiving sexually explicit images of oneself to another. Sexting is sometimes done voluntarily, or after threats, manipulation, and/or coercion of an offender.  


 The offender uses CSAM which has already been obtained on the child, usually through sexting, in order to threaten and blackmail the child into sending more sexual material, to meet in person for sexual purposes, or for other gains such as money or control.  

These forms of OCSE are a severe crime and punishable by law! 

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